Maryland HB1260 Historically Black Colleges and Universities - Funding

HOUSE BILL 1260- Historically Black Colleges and Universities Funding

Maryland speaker’s legislation would force settlement of long-running HBCU lawsuit

By Pamela Wood

Baltimore Sun |
Feb 07, 2020 | 10:30 AM

House Speaker Adrienne A. Jones is hoping to force the state to settle a long-running lawsuit that alleges it made decisions that harmed the viability of Maryland's historically black colleges and universities, including Coppin State University in Baltimore, shown in this 2007 photo.


Maryland House of Delegates Speaker Adrienne A. Jones is hoping to force the state to settle a long-running lawsuit that alleges it made decisions that harmed the viability of historically black colleges and universities.

A federal court has already ruled against the state in parts of the lawsuit, which four state universities filed in 2006.

Both sides have participated in court-ordered settlement discussions, but have not reached an agreement.

Jones is introducing a bill in the House that would require the governor to spend $580 million over the next 10 years at the four colleges on initiatives including creating academic programs, expanding scholarships and financial aid, recruiting faculty, providing more academic supports to students and marketing the schools to potential students.

The spending proposed in Jones’ legislation is in line with a request for a $577 million settlement from a coalition representing Bowie State University, Coppin State University and Morgan State University in Baltimore, and the University of Maryland, Eastern Shore.

Gov. Larry Hogan, meanwhile, has held firm that he will not increase the state’s “final offer” last fall of $200 million, an increase over an earlier $100 million offer.

“No one is more committed to resolving this issue than Governor Hogan, who has funded HBCUs at record levels and dramatically increased the state’s offer to settle this 13-year-long lawsuit,” Mike Ricci, a spokesman for the Republican governor, said in a statement.

One of the key issues of contention in the lawsuit is that the state allowed predominantly white institutions to have academic programs that duplicated those at the historically black colleges, perpetuating segregation among the state’s universities.

“The issue of program duplication has lingered for far too long and is a blemish on our state’s strong system of higher education,” Jones said Thursday in a statement. “I am pleased to have a solution to move forward and offer every student the support for the bright future they deserve.”

Michael D. Jones, an attorney representing the universities, said he’s pleased lawmakers are trying to resolve the lawsuit.

“I think this is an excellent development. I applaud her leadership,” Jones said of the Democratic speaker.

The attorney said the governor has been “shortsighted” not to settle the lawsuit and fund improvements at the colleges.

“I think the legislature is taking a longer view of this and recognizing that ultimately, it will be good for the state,” he said.

Del. Darryl Barnes, chairman of the Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland, said his group supports Jones’ legislation.

“We have the opportunity to set a precedent for other states to follow as we make history in the state of Maryland,” Barnes, a Prince George’s Democrat, said in a statement.




Senate passes bill to permanently fund historically black colleges and universities




Legislative Black Caucus Rally for HBCUs

Baltimore City Council adopts calling for state to settle HBCU funding lawsuit


BALTIMORE SUN NOV 18, 2019 | 8:24 PM

The Baltimore City Council on Monday adopted a resolution calling for the state to settle a longstanding lawsuit over disparities in the way Maryland’s historically black colleges and universities are funded.

Advocates for the state’s four HBCUs proposed in September the state pay $577 million to settle the case, which has wound through the legal system for more than a decade. Republican Gov. Larry Hogan responded with what he called a “final offer” of $200 million to settle the case.

Announcing his resolution at a City Council lunch meeting, City Council President Brandon Scott said the governor was “insulting HBCUs with his offer.”

Scott, a Democrat, said the state should reach an agreement with the HBCU coalition that is in line with the group’s proposed amount. 

The case argues Maryland fostered segregation by allowing better-funded academic programs at traditionally white universities to undermine similar ones at the four historically black schools: Coppin State University and Morgan State University in Baltimore, Bowie State University, and the University of Maryland, Eastern Shore.

Last week, nearly 300 students, activists and lawmakers rallied in Annapolis to call on state officials to equitably fund the historically black institutions. The chairman of the Legislative Black Caucus said then that legislators will step up if the governor doesn’t reconsider his settlement offer.

“There will be a bill that we will introduce this upcoming session to settle this thing if he doesn’t want to do it himself," said Del. Darryl Barnes, a Prince George’s County Democrat.

A spokesman for Hogan said Monday night that, under the governor, the state has “provided historically high funding for Maryland’s HBCUs.”

"Governor Hogan has shown real leadership on this issue where others have repeatedly failed over the years,” Michael Ricci wrote in a statement.


"A grassroots solution to inequitable higher education in Baltimore" Baltimore Sun Nov. 14, 2019

By Marvin “Doc” Cheatham and Owen Silverman Andrews

Baltimore Sun |
Nov 14, 2019 | 2:59 PM

This summer, The Sun published dueling op-eds from the presidents of two of Baltimore’s renowned institutions of higher education, proposing new governance structures for certain city institutions of higher education. In the first, University of Baltimore President Kurt Schmoke suggested combining the University of Baltimore (UB), Coppin State University and Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) into an entity known as the “City University of Baltimore.” In the second, Morgan State University President David Wilson argued, eloquently, that UB should merge into Morgan.

We appreciate the innovative approaches, but, as community organizers in West and Southeast Baltimore, we believe it is time for a vision from the grassroots level to emerge to guide our city’s colleges and universities into the new decade.

We call for sweeping changes to a status quo that has failed our students and communities and propose that Baltimore City Community College should merge with the Community College of Baltimore County to become the new Community College of Baltimore. This would relieve the fiscal strain caused by city residents seeking community college education in the county due to the separate and unequal conditions between the two schools. To ensure the merger is equitable, the Community College of Baltimore’s Board must be made up of two elected county residents, two elected city residents and three members appointed by the county executive, mayor and governor, respectively.

The benefits of establishing the Community College of Baltimore will be enjoyed by both Baltimore City and Baltimore County students, workers and stakeholders. Current CCBC students, staff and faculty will gain more direct access to the economic engines of Baltimore City’s medical, corporate and cultural institutions, resulting in more internship, job and research opportunities. And current BCCC stakeholders, especially those who live closer to the ring of CCBC campuses around the city, will have shorter commute times and lower tuition to their places of work and study.

Further, we see the decision to cut staff positions and hundreds of thousands of dollars from BCCC’s successful English Language Services (ELS) Department as an act of self-sabotage inflicted within a larger landscape in Maryland that is hostile to immigrants and community colleges. ELS primarily serves Baltimore’s growing immigrant community, an expanding demographic within the city’s pre-K through 12 and higher education student bodies. We call on the Maryland General Assembly and City Hall to restore this lost grant funding.

We also agree with Morgan State University President David Wilson that the University of Baltimore should merge into Morgan State University as its downtown campus.

In light of Maryland’s checkered history of segregation in higher education and disinvestment in historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs), as well as the irresponsible underfunding of our state’s community colleges, these significant reforms are not only practical and just, but sorely needed.

Likewise, elected and appointed officials must stop pulling the chair out from under us with stunts like transferring the Baltimore Police Department’s training academy to the University of Baltimore instead of Coppin State University, which came as a surprising blow in West Baltimore and the communities Coppin anchors. While Coppin would not be directly impacted by the mergers we propose, such disregard cannot continue. Instead, Coppin and West Baltimore must be strengthened by meaningful state investment in faculty, research and, most importantly, students.

Continued neglect of Maryland’s HBCUs, community colleges, staff, faculty and students will lead to ever-increasing inequality in our state. The cost of this inequality, coupled with the debt Maryland owes to black people, is staggering.

As Georgetown University and others begin accounting for the horrors of slavery and Jim Crow, Maryland must become a national leader in forging forward with reparations in the field of higher education. Elected officials in Annapolis and City Hall, as well as newly selected University System of Maryland Chancellor Jay Perman, must act decisively with reparative and sweeping reforms to scale with the challenges students, faculty and staff at Baltimore’s colleges and universities face. Maryland can lead the nation in higher education, but we must lead with equity.

Marvin “Doc” Cheatham, an alumnus of BCCC and Coppin State University, is CEO of the Matthew A. Henson Community Development Corporation in West Baltimore; his email is civilrights@verizon.net. Owen Silverman Andrews, a former adjunct faculty member of BCCC and CCBC, is co-chair of the Baltimore City Green Party and lives in Southeast Baltimore; his email is owen.s.andrews@gmail.com.